We plan to locate the vessel outside the territorial seas of the United States, 12 nautical miles from the coast of California, in the so-called “contiguous zone” In the interactive map below, the first line next to the coast is the California state water limit line. The outer line is the more interesting one - the US territorial waters limit. Pictured on the map are also two buoys that provide oceanographic measurements, which we've used to assess stability and other environmental conditions. The position of the ship is approximate, and could change along the 12 NM line, as new data becomes available.
According to the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) Part II, the coastal state has jurisdiction over natural resources (fish, oil etc.) up to 200 nautical miles from its coast. In the Contiguous Zone (12 to 24 miles from the coast), vessels are allowed to be stationed or pass through as long as they refrain from exploiting natural resources, and the fiscal and immigration laws and regulations that apply are those of the country whose flag the vessels fly.